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Rise of Taliban and the Fall of Ashraf Ghani

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*Rise of Taliban and the Fall of Ashraf Ghani*

*By the time ex-president Ashraf Ghani fled the country, the hot-tempered leader was isolated and ineffective. Critics blamed him for the chaos in Kabul, saying he had betrayed his people.*

Taliban fighters entered Kabul and President Ashraf Ghani left Afghanistan saying he wanted to avoid bloodshed, signalling the end of a 20-year Western experiment aimed at remaking Afghanistan. The Taliban fanned out across the capital on Sunday and took control of the presidential palace. Al Jazeera gained exclusive footage of Taliban commanders in the palace with dozens of armed fighters. The city was gripped by panic, with helicopters racing overhead throughout the day to evacuate personnel from the US embassy. Smoke rose near the compound as staff destroyed important documents, and the American flag was lowered. Several other Western missions also prepared to pull their people out. Afghans fearing that the Taliban could reimpose the kind of brutal rule that all but eliminated women’s rights rushed to leave the country, lining up at cash machines to withdraw their life savings. The desperately poor – who had left homes in the countryside for the presumed safety of the capital – remained in parks and open spaces throughout the city. president Ashraf Ghani also left with four cars and a helicopter full of cash, news agency Reuters reported. It quoted Russian news agency RIA to report that Ghani had to leave some money behind as it would not all “fit in”. “Four cars were full of money, they tried to stuff another part of the money into a helicopter, but not all of it fit. And some of the money was left lying on the tarmac,” Nikita Ishchenko, a spokesman for the Russian embassy in Kabul, was quoted as saying by RIA. Ischenko cited “witnesses” as the source of his information.

 

With novice global political players led by China Pakistan axis and new US tactics in which cold war allainces are tumbling down rapidly, exit of America or NATO from Afghanistan is turning the tide in favour of stated axis. The war tactics and the realisation of Taliban’s dream lies in its domestic driven strategy circumscribed in the tenets of Islam which sustained it’s farsight for penultimate exit of foreigners. Civilizations develop and fall with problems that creep them internally. The Indus valley Civilization, The Mesopotamian Civilization etc are but a realisation of this novel social study approach whose reliance on internal strength has reached to somewhat universal conclusion. The social structure apart from mores and traditional ethos is guided and modified by Religious commandments. That’s to say Role of Religion in shaping the social system of particular community or society is so significant to be denied. The Afganistan has been described as “Graveyard of Empires” in majority of political analysis at global stage. Afghanistan has always been a strong independent nation that no country could ever hold. It is so incredibly difficult that even Afghans themselves have a hard time controlling Afghanistan properly. Even the strongest empires of history, such as the Mongols, barely had a strong grip on the main cities of Afghanistan, such as Kabul and Kandahar.One popular story about the Anglo-Afghan wars concerns the 1842 retreat from Kabul. Almost the entire 17000 strong army of the British were either captured or slaughtered. However, one Scottish surgeon was left alive, to deliver a message back to the British to never invade Afghanistan again. This stiff resistance to every invading country has left undeniable mark on the golden pages of history. What promotes such a culture of commitment to national glory and sacrifice is indeed a complex of numerous parameters. However the modern contemporary Afganistan has left a Stern message to Superpowers like USSR and USA to read the idealistic persuits of nation before any illogical and unreasonable invasion of any small nation. What prompted US to exit ? Has Taliban overpowered NATO? Has Taliban’s sustenance paved way for US retreat? The like millions of questions asked these days in and around world await answers. But the way the Afganistan reeled under severe disaster during long war battles is commendable.

 

As for the reasons for the collapse of the regime, they are characterised by how Ghani fled the country. Four cars were packed with money, and they tried to cram another bag of cash into the helicopter. Not all the cash managed to squeeze in, and some of the money was left lying on the airfield,” a mission employee was quoted as saying by the report. Though TASS did not name the mission employee, quoting Russian diplomatic mission spokesperson Nikita Ishenko, Russian wire service Sputnik reported that Mr. Ghani was escorted with cars filled with cash as he was fleeing Kabul. “They tried to put part of the money into a helicopter, but everything did not fit. And some of the money was left on the runway,” Ms. Ishenko said. In his first comments after he left Afghanistan, Mr. Ghani in a Facebook post on August 15 said he was faced with a “hard choice” between the “armed Taliban” who wanted to enter the presidential Palace or “leaving the dear country that I dedicated my life to protecting the past 20 years”. “If there were still countless countrymen martyred and they would face the destruction and destruction of Kabul city, the result would have been a big human disaster in this six million city. The Taliban have made it to remove me, they are here to attack all Kabul and the people of Kabul. In order to avoid the bleeding flood, I thought it was best to get out,” he said. “Taliban have won the judgement of sword and guns and now they are responsible for protecting the countrymen’s honour, wealth and self-esteem. Didn’t they win the legitimacy of hearts? Never in history has dry power given legitimacy to anyone and won’t give it to them,” Mr. Ghani, reportedly taking shelter in neighbouring Tajikistan, said. An academic and economist, Mr. Ghani was the 14th President of Afghanistan. He was first elected on September 20, 2014 and was re-elected in the September 28, 2019 presidential election. The Taliban ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001, but following the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, the brutal regime of the militant group came to an end as they were removed from power by U.S.-led forces in 2001.

 

The taliban strategy of weakening the weak link further took the wind out of sail from NATO and made them think of pre frozen black future if continued on the existing state. This strategy is reflection of emotional intelligence drawing its power from ideals of islam. As the Taliban advanced towards the capital city Kabul on 15 August, Ghani made an escape from the falling country, later saying that he left Afghanistan in order to avoid violence and bloodshed. In his first statement since the terror organisation took over the presidential palace in Afghanistan, Ghani said, “The Taliban have made it to remove me; they are here to attack all Kabul and the people of Kabul.” “Taliban have won the judgement of sword and guns and now they are responsible for protecting the countrymen’s honor, wealth and self-esteem,” he admitted in the statement posted on Facebook, adding, “Never in history has dry power given legitimacy to anyone and won’t give it to them.” His fleeing from the country, surrendering to the Taliban takeover, has garnered widespread censure. “God hold him accountable, and the people will have their judgment,” his long-running rival Abdullah Abdullah said in a video message posted on social media.

*Writer Shahid Majeed Mir can be reached at mirshahid363@gmail.com*

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